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Download Ouk Chaktrung for Free: The Classic Khmer Chess Game


Khmer Chess Game Free Download: How to Play Ouk Chaktrang, the Ancient Chess of Cambodia




If you are a fan of chess and want to try a different and challenging variant, you might be interested in Ouk Chaktrang, or Khmer chess, the traditional chess game of Cambodia. In this article, we will tell you everything you need to know about this fascinating game, from its history and rules to how to play it online for free.




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What is Ouk Chaktrang?




Ouk Chaktrang (អុកចត្រង្គ) is a strategy board game that is descended from the 6th-century Indian game of chaturanga or a close relative thereof, and is therefore related to chess. It is part of the family of chess variants.


The history and origin of Khmer chess




There is evidence that Ouk Chaktrang has been played in Cambodia since the 12th century, as it is depicted on several reliefs in the Angkor temples. One theory suggests that Ouk Chaktrang was introduced to Cambodia by Indian traders and scholars during the early centuries of the Common Era. Another theory suggests that Ouk Chaktrang was directly derived from the Persian game of shatranj via the cultural exchange between the two peoples in the 14th century.


Ouk Chaktrang is almost identical to Makruk, Thai chess. As Thai seized Angkor in 1431, they may have learned chess from the Khmer people. The word "ruk" (Thai: รุก) in "Makruk" probably came from a Khmer word meaning "check". The word "Ouk" (Khmer: អុក) also means "check", and it is required to say out loud by the player who checks the enemy king.


The rules and pieces of Khmer chess




Ouk Chaktrang is played on an 8 by 8 board (64 squares on normally wooden board) with two groups of different colors. There are 16 chess pieces of each group as below:



English


Khmer


RTGS


Meaning


Movement


king (1)


ខំន


khun


lord


Moves one space in any direction, like a king in Western chess.


queen (1)


មត


met


seed


Moves one space diagonally, like the ferz in shatranj.


bishop (2)


គន


khon


nobleman


Moves one space diagonally or one space forward, like the silver general in shogi.


knight (2)



ma


horse


Moves two spaces orthogonally and then one space perpendicular to that movement. It jumps over any pieces in the way, like the knight in Western chess.


rook (2)


រ៉វ


ruea


boat


Moves any number of spaces horizontally or vertically, like the rook in Western chess.


pawn (8)


កញ្ញ


kanhya


fish


Moves one space forward. It cannot move backward or sideways. It cannot capture a piece directly in front of it. It captures by moving one space diagonally forward, like the pawn in Western chess.


The game starts with the pieces arranged as shown below:


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The objective of the game is to checkmate the enemy king, which means to put it under attack in such a way that it cannot escape or be defended by another piece. The game can also end in a draw, which means that neither player can win, for example, by stalemate, repetition, or insufficient material.


Ouk Chaktrang has some special rules that make it different from Western chess:



  • There is no castling, en passant, or pawn promotion.



  • When a pawn reaches the sixth rank, it gains an additional move: it can move one space sideways.



  • When a pawn reaches the seventh rank, it is promoted to a queen.



  • If a player has only a king left, the king can move like a knight once per game. This is called the "king's leap".



  • If both players have only kings left, the game is not automatically drawn. The player who moves first has four moves to checkmate the enemy king, otherwise the game is drawn.



  • If both players have only kings and queens left, the game is not automatically drawn. The player who moves first has 16 moves to checkmate the enemy king, otherwise the game is drawn.



  • If both players have only kings and rooks left, the game is not automatically drawn. The player who moves first has 64 moves to checkmate the enemy king, otherwise the game is drawn.



How to play Ouk Chaktrang online?




If you want to play Ouk Chaktrang online for free, you have several options to choose from. Here are some of the best apps and websites for playing Khmer chess:


The best apps and websites for playing Khmer chess





  • : This app allows you to play Ouk Chaktrang online with other players or against the computer. You can also chat with your opponents, customize your board and pieces, and view your statistics and rankings.



  • : This app lets you play Ouk Chaktrang offline against the computer or with a friend on the same device. You can also learn the rules and tips of the game, and adjust the difficulty level and sound effects.



  • : This website lets you play Ouk Chaktrang online with other players or against the computer. You can also watch live games, join tournaments, and earn trophies and medals.



  • : This website allows you to play Ouk Chaktrang online with other players or against the computer. You can also create your own rooms, invite your friends, and chat with your opponents.



  • : This website lets you play various chess variants online, including Ouk Chaktrang. You can also solve puzzles, practice tactics, and improve your skills.



The tips and strategies for winning Khmer chess




Ouk Chaktrang is a complex and challenging game that requires skill and strategy. Here are some tips and tricks to help you win Khmer chess:



  • Develop your pieces quickly and control the center of the board.



  • Protect your king and avoid unnecessary checks.



  • Use your pawns wisely and try to promote them to queens.



  • Use your rooks and bishops to create threats and pressure on your opponent's position.



  • Use your knights to fork and skewer your opponent's pieces.



  • Use your queen sparingly and avoid trading it for a minor piece.



  • Use the king's leap to escape from checkmate or to create a checkmate.



  • Be aware of the special rules for draws and try to avoid them if you have an advantage.



  • Study the common openings, endgames, and tactics of Khmer chess.



  • Practice regularly and learn from your mistakes.



Conclusion




Ouk Chaktrang is a fun and exciting game that can challenge your mind and improve your thinking skills. It is also a great way to learn about the culture and history of Cambodia. If you want to play Ouk Chaktrang online for free, you can download one of the apps or visit one of the websites we recommended in this article. You can also follow our tips and strategies to improve your game and win more matches. We hope you enjoyed this article and found it useful. Happy playing!


FAQs




What is the difference between Ouk Chaktrang and Western chess?




Ouk Chaktrang and Western chess are both derived from the ancient Indian game of chaturanga, but they have evolved differently over time. Some of the main differences are:



  • Ouk Chaktrang has no castling, en passant, or pawn promotion (except to queen).



  • Ouk Chaktrang has different pieces and movements, such as the queen (met) that moves only one space diagonally, and the bishop (khon) that moves one space diagonally or one space forward.



  • Ouk Chaktrang has different rules for draws, such as the king's leap and the move limits.



How many pieces are there in Ouk Chaktrang?




There are 16 pieces of each color in Ouk Chaktrang, for a total of 32 pieces. The pieces are: king (khun), queen (met), bishop (khon), knight (ma), rook (ruea), and pawn (kanhya).


How do you say checkmate in Ouk Chaktrang?




The word for checkmate in Ouk Chaktrang is "ouk mate" (អុក


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